Verb Subject Agreement Spanish

By ordering these forms of subjects in a particular pattern, with the singular shapes on the left and the plurals on the right, we create a kind of drawer arrangement. The pattern he creates has three boxes on the left for the three singular shapes and three on the right for plural shapes. In addition, each drawer has its appropriate verb shape. You can visualize this correspondence by imagining two of these identical drawer schemes on top of the other, one representing the subject`s pronouns and the other representing the corresponding verb forms. The two lower boxes each contain three elements: left, el, ella and usted; right ellos, ellas and ustedes. To understand the subject-verb agreement, you must first know what a subject and a verb are. In Spanish, you use second-person pronouns with their own clear verbs; Third-party pronouns share verb forms with third-party pronouns; see z.B. above. 1. tú/contratar 2. el/emplear 3. ellas/alquilar 4.

yo/mandar 5. Ud./mejorar 6. ellos/aumentar 7. ella/bailar 8. yo/preguntar 9. nosotros/postergar 10. yo/quitar 11. ella y yo/bailar 12. yo/llorar 13.

usted/llegar 14. nosotros/llenar 15. ellos/llevar 16. ustedes/llamar 17. tú y yo/mirar 18. vosotros/postergar 19. ellas/borrar 20. vosotros/determinar II. Adapt the following sentences to their English translations. 1. It increases.

A. Postergo. 2. I postpone. b. Mejoran. 3. We rent.

c. Empleas. 4. Employ them (tú). d. Aumenta. 5. They are improving.

e. Alquilamos. III. Translate the following English sentences into Spanish. You don`t need to include the subject`s pronoun in your answer – just indicate the correct verb. 1. You order. 2. You rent. 3.

I ask the question. 4. We are busy. 5. Rent (tú). 6. She listens. 7.

We wear. 8. You dance. 9. You and I sing. 10. You evaluate. 11.

We are working. 12. It verifies. 13. I rent. 14. We produce. 15. Confirm (tú). 16.

They are postponed. 17. It evaluates. 18. She hates. 19. I`m leaving. 20. You cook.

If you look carefully at the graph, you will see that there are four ways to tell yourself in Spanish. Let`s start with tú. Tú is the form used between friends. Since it has a box for itself, the corresponding verb form is unique for that box – and therefore the pronoun itself can be omitted, because there can be no error about who the subject is. The corresponding plural, Vosotros (or Vosotras, if the group is exclusively female) is only used in Spain. Usted is the formal or polished form. In Latin America, because Vosotros is not used, ustedes is the only way to tell you in the plural. These two pronouns are often abbreviated in writing in Ud. and Uds. Also note that Yo and Nosotros, like Tú, have their own boxes.

2. If we are subject compuesto (two or more subjects), the verb must be in the plural form. Pronouns can also be grammatical subjects. Pronouns are words that represent nouns, and if a pronoun is used as a subject in Spanish, it will use its subject form. As you will learn in other lessons, there are other forms for other grammatical situations. As in English, there are only a handful of subject pronouns in Spanish. Now, let`s turn to verbs. A verb is a word that says what the action of the subject or subjects is.

Verbs are listed in the dictionary in their infinitive or pre-conjugated form. The infinitive term suggests that the possibilities of the verb are infinite – that is, it has not yet been conjugated, no person or number has been assigned to it. In addition to the person and the number, verbs also have tense forms. Tense shows whether the plot takes place in the present, past or future. There are a few forms of time that fine-tune the way the time of an action is displayed. However, to understand the concept of subject-verb concordance, we will use only one regular verb in the present tense: hablar, which means to speak. In Spanish, it is very common to see sentences where the verb corresponds to nosotros (as) and vosotros (as)/ustedes, but these do not come as pronouns, but as nouns. . . .